As the coronavirus pandemic carries on, U.S. workers continue to face job uncertainty. According to a July 2020 report by Gusto, a business payroll platform, only 37 percent of workers who were furloughed in March have returned to work. And nearly a quarter of workers who returned to work in July had their pay reduced by 10 percent or more.
However, there are financial relief options available from banks, lenders and the federal government. If you can’t pay your loans or soon won’t be able to, one of the programs below may be able to help.
Federal student loans
Federal student loan payment and interest relief under the CARES Act was set to expire on Sept. 30. In early August, President Trump issued an executive action to continue federal student loan payment relief through Dec. 31, 2020.
The new action includes some benefits from the original relief program, though not all.
The CARES Act temporarily set federal loan interest rates to 0 percent through Sept 30. With this latest executive action, the waived interest rates will stay in effect through the end of 2020.
Federal student loan borrowers don’t need to take further action to have this interest suspension activated. However, it’s wise to check your student loan statements each month to ensure that interest isn’t charged on your federal loans for the remainder of the year.
Federal student loan borrowers also have extended relief when it comes to monthly student loan payments. Payments on loans owned by the Department of Education are paused until Dec. 31. This payment suspension is also automatic.
This suspension does not make your student loan debt disappear, but it does allow you to save on monthly payments through Dec. 31. Note that some FFEL and HEAL loans may not qualify; it’s best to contact your loan servicer to find out if you’re eligible for forbearance. To find out which servicer issues your loans, contact the Federal Student Aid Information Center at 1-800-433-3243.
If you’re working toward Public Service Loan Forgiveness, you will continue to receive credit during the suspension period if you work full time for a qualifying employer.
Borrowers can also choose to continue making payments during this temporary deferment. If you want to continue your regularly scheduled student loan payments, your entire payment will be applied to your principal balance, which helps you pay down your debt faster. Note that if you use automatic payments, these may have been automatically suspended at the start of the deferment period; contact your servicer if you’d like to start automatic payments again.
Private student loans
Unfortunately, private student loan debt isn’t covered under the presidential action — there are no government protections for borrowers that require private lenders to waive interest or defer payments.
Due to these extenuating circumstances, your private lender might offer a hardship relief program or temporary student loan forbearance. For example, Earnest offers a short-term student loan forbearance for eligible borrowers upon request.
If you can’t pay your private student loans because the pandemic has affected your income, reach out to your lender immediately. Keep in mind that eligibility for hardship relief programs varies between lenders.
Many banks are stepping up to waive fees and help consumers stay on track with their loans despite losses in income. For example, popular personal lender Marcus by Goldman Sachs is letting customers defer payments for one month on their personal loans without accruing interest. Wells Fargo is also offering customers in financial hardship up to three consecutive months of payment deferment on eligible personal loans.
If you’re unsure if your lender is offering assistance on personal loans, contact it directly to inquire. New programs may be announced on a rolling basis, so don’t give up hope that help is on the way.
Home equity loans
Homeowners with a home equity loan should reach out to their lender if payments can’t be made on time. Financial institutions are offering temporary deferment on home equity loans for those who are eligible.
For example, Bank of America is offering a three-month or longer payment deferment if your income has been affected by the coronavirus. If you’re struggling to stay on top of your home equity loan, call your lender to learn more about your options.
List of lenders providing loan relief
The following is not an exhaustive list. Contact your lender for details about hardship assistance programs it offers.
Bank of America: Payment deferral on auto loans and home loans is available upon request.
Barclays: Personal loan customers can request payment relief by contacting a representative.
Discover: Hardship assistance may be available for personal loan, student loan and home loan customers who contact a representative.
Fifth Third Bank: Mortgage customers can take advantage of up to 180 days of payment forbearance with no late fees.
LightStream: Personal loan customers may defer monthly payments by signing into their account and accessing the “Account Services” page.
Marcus by Goldman Sachs: Marcus’ customer assistance program allows borrowers to postpone loan payments for one month with no interest.
PNC: The bank may waive or refund fees associated with mortgages. It may also postpone monthly payments with no late fees on auto loans, personal loans, mortgages, home equity loans and student loans. Additionally, it is offering an emergency hardship loan for qualified customers.
SoFi: Student loan borrowers may be able to take advantage of 90-day payment forbearance, and personal loan borrowers may qualify for 30-day payment forbearance with a possible extension. Home loan borrowers may qualify for hardship relief as well, though details are only available through representatives.
TD Bank: The TD Cares program waives fees or delays payments for eligible personal loan and home loan customers.
USAA: USAA is offering payment assistance programs for eligible members on consumer loans, mortgages and HELOCs, which are available upon request.
U.S. Bank: Individuals with mortgages may qualify for payment suspension of up to 180 days with no late fees.
Wells Fargo: Borrowers may request a payment suspension for an initial three months on mortgages, home equity products, personal loans and student loans.
Other steps you could take now if you can’t pay your loans
Talking with your lender as soon as possible is one of the most effective ways to get immediate payment relief during financial hardship. In addition to setting up payment deferment or forbearance, there are a few other steps you can take if you can’t pay your loans:
Apply for unemployment benefits. Another presidential action issued in early August provides a supplemental $400 unemployment benefit for eligible recipients. This benefit is available through Dec. 27.
Cut discretionary spending. Review all of your nonessential spending, like dining out, shopping and even streaming subscriptions. Find areas that you can cut from your monthly budget to clear up funds for loan payments.
Refinance your loans. If you have strong credit, you might be eligible for current all-time low interest rates. Refinancing can help reduce your interest rate and lower your monthly payment.
Regardless of what type of loan you’re struggling with, there’s a good chance that your lender has options that can relieve some of the financial pressure. The best move is to get ahead of the issue by contacting your lender if you already know you won’t make your next loan payment.
Coronavirus relief and stimulus plans: Here’s everything Washington has done (and proposed) so far
Here’s what’s in Trump’s executive orders for coronavirus relief
13 steps to take if you’ve lost your job due to the coronavirus crisis